Project findings for Jimma Area disseminated to stakeholders in Ethiopia

In line with the AFERIA project goal of disseminating recent findings on climate change adaptation, the agenda of the multi-stakeholder forum was to communicate the key results of the scientific synthesis carried out under the project with key beneficiaries in the Ethiopian government, academia and both local and international non-governmental organisations. In addition, this forum informed how the results will be useful in the design and implementation of climate-smart landscapes in the Jimma area

The forum was officially opened by Mr. Tefera Tadesse from the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Ethiopia. He highlighted the global impact of climate change, food security and ecosystem services, and the need to promote adaptation technologies among the populations most at risk to reduce their vulnerability to climate change and variability.  The project objectives, purpose, focus areas and information on the beneficiaries were then shared AFERIA project coordinator, Dr Tino Johansson from the University of Helsinki.  

Click here for presentation on the overview of the AFERIA project objectives and purpose.

 To further indicate the connection between the AFERIA project and the Government of Ethiopia, Mr. Tefera Tadesse from the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Ethiopia shared a presentation on the Lessons from Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) that focused on how land-based food security interventions can deliver both climate change mitigation and adaptation benefits in sub-Saharan Africa. The rationale behind the PSNP project is the impact of land degradation on food security and increased vulnerability of the communities. Land degradation is also the main climate change impact that was discussed during the community based climate change adaptation plan development by the local community representatives in the Jimma area. The objective of this government project was also on line with the AFERIA project on enhancing food security and enhancing the resilience of communities to climate change.

Click here for more information on the Community-based climate change adaptation plan for the Jimma Area.

Click here for presentation on Land-based food security interventions can deliver both climate change mitigation and adaptation benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP)

 The project has focused on building the capacity of local scholars from Ethiopia. Two former PhD students, Dr. Binyam Tesfaw (Addis Ababa University) and Dr. Weyessa Garedew (Jimma University) presented findings from their PhD dissertations. Dr. Tesfaw shared on the “Multi-scale assessment of land changes using remote sensing and GIS”. The objective of his research was to enhance understanding of the impact of human activities on ecosystem services in Ethiopia through the assessment of land changes from the local to the national level, by means of remote sensing and modeling. Dr. Garedew presented on the “Impact of climate change on coffee diseases”, and recommended adaptation technologies that would enhance the resilience of the small holder coffee farmers in the Jimma area

Click here for presentation on Multi-scale assessment of land changes using remote sensing and GIS.

Click here for presentation on Climate Change and Diseases of Coffee

AFERIA project coordinator, Dr. Johansson, presented on the MALM (Multifunctional Agricultural Landscape Mosaic) which is an agricultural land use matrix in which all critical aspects (e.g. ecological, social, and economic) are incorporated, shared and communicated with the local communities and decision makers so that they may make informed decisions on locating adaptation actions where most urgently needed. This matrix simultaneously addresses locally prioritized problems and development demands for food security, livelihood opportunities, maintenance of biodiversity and ecological functions, and fulfills conservation needs. MALM can be used to support the planning and designation of areas for specific adaptation interventions, which would enhance the resilience of agro-ecosystems and smallholder farmers. In addition, the MALM can also be used on a smart phone through a story map. The purpose of the Story Map is to provide an overview of the scientific results and prioritized community-based climate change adaptation actions in a visualized form to create awareness, support land use planning and decision-making towards more climate-smart landscapes, enhanced food security and ecosystem resilience in Ethiopia.

Click here for the presentation on the MALM platform and its usefulness to stakeholders.

The on-going interventions of the project in the Jimma area, spearheaded by the local partner Jimma University were presented by Dr. Gezahegn Berecha with focus on adaptation activities such as establishment indigenous tree nurseries, three nurseries with 45,000 seedlings of disease-resistant coffee, 30 demonstration plots for improved maize technology, bee keeping sites as an alternative livelihood and capacity building for farmers and agriculture extension officers.

Click here for presentation on the progress of implementation of activities in Jimma

The participatory climate scenarios, presented by Dr. Claudia Capitani from the University of York in partnership with local stakeholders with the guidance of facilitators, are projections of possible future outcomes in both the presence and absence of climate change adaptation. These findings can be used by decision makers to develop short and long term adaptation strategies and promote the sustainable use of the available resources. 

Click here for presentation on the participatory climate scenario development.

Click here for accompanying Policy Brief; Exploring Land use and Land cover Changes under Future Climate Projections in Taita Hills, Kenya and Jimma Highlands, Ethiopia

 The forum was summed up with a round table discussion on the project exit plan and the role of the different stakeholders in the continuation of the activities. From this lively discussion, some of the suggestions that came up were:

  • The collaboration of the different stakeholders in the government, academia, non-governmental organisations and community groups should be enhanced in research, coordination and implementation of different adaptation technologies
  • The need to focus on alternative livelihood options as a way to adapt to the changing climate and enhance the resilience of local Ethiopian communities.
  • Focus on tailor-made solutions for adaptation that involve the community while avoiding a one-size –fits all approach. The need to be aware of the fact that each region has specific challenges and needs that may be different from another.
  • The lessons learnt and adaptation technologies implemented during the AFERIA project need to be up-scaled to other regions in Ethiopia.
  • Capacity building of participants from the organisations represented in the forum especially on the MALM platform would be useful to diverse stakeholders.

This event was attended by forty participants representing different stakeholders such as local and national government; community based organisations, non-governmental organisations, and media. The involvement of diverse groups in this forum is based on the fact that each stakeholder group is affected differently by the impacts of climate change and that they each have a unique role to play in climate change adaptation.  The combined efforts of each of the groups will translate to the long term food security and sustainable development in the region.

Please click here for the event photos and Videos







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