Kilimanjaro Multi-stakeholder Forum

The third Multi-stakeholder Forum under the AFERIA project was held recently in Moshi, Tanzania. The agenda of this forum was to communicate the key results of the scientific synthesis carried out under the project and further inform how these results will be useful in the design and implementation of climate-smart landscapes in Kilimanjaro.

Sarah Achola, the Project Adaptation Action officer presented an overview of the on-going interventions of the project in Eastern Africa with focus on adaptation activities, such as roof rain water harvesting, drip irrigation, indigenous tree nurseries and capacity building for farmers and agriculture extension officers.  She further highlighted that AFERIA Project was operating in collaboration with local and national stakeholders in Tanzania. The linkages between research result outputs and final beneficiaries needed to be strengthened and that it was important to build the capacity of stakeholders and beneficiaries to implement findings of research results and continuity of instituted intervention measures.

Click here for presentation on the overview of the project objectives and intervention activities.

The implementation of the activities in the Kilimanjaro area has been achieved over the project period through the active collaboration with Pangani Basin Water Board (PBWB). Mr. Philipo Patrick of PBWB presented to the participants a detailed overview of the progress of the implementation of project activities in the area. Agriculture extension officers from the Kilimanjaro region had been trained on Integrated Pest Management for coffee, avocado, maize and crucifers; two roof rainwater harvesting systems had been set up in a school and a church in the area; six drip irrigation kits had been installed in both individual and institutional farms to act as demonstration sites for water use efficiency for vegetable gardens. To improve water catchment and restore indigenous forest cover, 4,000 indigenous tree seedlings had been established in nurseries and would be planted in the Miwaleni Springs and also in selected households. The nurseries were established in three primary schools in Mwangaria, Ngasini & Kanji villages and the fourth one in Koresa village under the management of Muungano Environmental group. Progress had been made in Pest and Disease management for coffee and Brocap traps for coffee berry borers had been installed in nine villages in the medium to high altitude areas.

Click here for presentation on the progress of implementation of activities in Kilimanjaro.

During the project’s multiple interactions with the community representatives it became clear that drought and floods were a climate change induced issue in the area. In reference to this, there was a presentation on the Integrated Water Resources Management in Pangani Basin by Prof. Shadrack Mwakalila from the University of Dar es Salaam. Human activities such as deforestation, poor water management, destructive fishing activities and environmental degradation were listed as some of the hindrances to proper water management in the Pangani Basin. The benefits of adopting the Integrated Water Resources Management practices are protection of the environment, pollution control, creating awareness on the importance of the water resources to the different users and stakeholders, rational decision making that involves creating a balance between the costs and benefits of any activity on water resources.  

Click here for presentation on the Integrated Water Resources Management in Pangani Basin- Benefits and Challenges

 The participatory climate scenarios, presented by Dr. Claudia Capitani from the University of York in partnership with local stakeholders with the guidance of facilitators, are projections of possible future outcomes in both the presence and absence of climate change adaptation. These findings can be used by decision makers to develop short and long term adaptation strategies and promote the sustainable use of the available resources.

Click here for presentation on the participatory climate scenario development.

Click here for accompanying Policy Brief; Exploring Land use and Land cover Changes under Future Climate Projections in Taita Hills, Kenya and Jimma Highlands, Ethiopia

 The MALM (Multifunctional Agricultural Landscape Mosaic), an agricultural land use matrix in which all critical aspects (e.g. ecological, social, and economic) are incorporated, shared and communicated with the local communities and decision makers so that they may make informed decisions on locating adaptation actions where most urgently needed. This matrix simultaneously addresses locally prioritized problems and development demands for food security, livelihood opportunities, maintenance of biodiversity and ecological functions, and fulfills conservation needs. MALM will support the planning and designation of areas for specific adaptation interventions, such as afforestation, terracing, irrigation and conservation agriculture which would enhance the resilience of agro-ecosystems and smallholder farmers.

Click here for the presentation on the MALM platform and its usefulness to stakeholders.

 Coffee is one of the cash crops that is grown in the higher altitudes of the Kilimanjaro region. Coffee diseases and pests have been a challenge to the productivity of the coffee farms and eventually the livelihoods of the farmers that rely on this crop. The promotion of pest management for coffee using the Brocap trap was implemented by the project in partnership with TaCRI-Tanzania Coffee research Institute. Mr. Francis Magina, a coffee expert from TaCRI has been spearheading the activities to create awareness on the coffee berry disease, symptoms of its infestation and control measures using the Brocap trap. He shared a detailed report on the progress of the implementation of these activities in the region.

Click here for the presentation on Promotion of improved technologies for coffee in Mt. Kilimanjaro

 The forum was summed up with a display and demonstration of different Integrated Pest Management technologies for maize, coffee, crucifers and avocado. The participants had an opportunity to interact with, hold discussions and ask questions with the project IPM experts that were present. The participants later visited demonstration sites for pest management of coffee using the Brocap trap and the use of parasitoids to the pest control for maize, crucifers and avocado.  Click here for more information on the IPM technologies presented.

This event was attended by close to seventy participants representing different stakeholders such as local and national government; community based organisations, academia non-governmental organisations, community groups and local media. The interaction and lively discussions and exchange of information were evidence that the collective effort of diverse stakeholder has the potential to translate to the long term food security and sustainable development in the region.

Please click here for the event photos and videos







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